Your Ultimate Guide to Snowmobile Parts

October 8th, 2019 by

Before you even think of firing up a snowmobile, you must be familiar with the machine.

A snowmobile is like a car. It has a bunch of specific terms to describe its various parts. It’s important to know the names and functions of these parts before you hop aboard.

The good news is that you’ve come to the right place!

Do you know your snowmobile in and out? Use this ultimate guide to snowmobile parts to learn every last bit of your machine.


Understand the Snowmobile

Many people have never driven a snowmobile before. After all, they’re not exactly fit for just any weather conditions.

When you do get the chance to take a snowmobile for a spin, it’s imperative that you understand how the vehicle operates. When you have a good understanding of the various elements of a snowmobile, you’ll be part of the snowmobile community.

More importantly, you’ll also be equipped to recognize and deal with mechanical problems. You’ll know the correct terminology to use when explaining the fault to someone.

Snowmobiles are specialized machines which is why it’s a good idea to do your reading. As a first-time snowmobile user, it’s especially important to check out some diagrams and familiarize yourself with the various parts. It’ll make your ride a whole lot smoother and more enjoyable.

A little bit of research will quickly reward you with a great deal of knowledge and peace of mind.


Perfect Machines for Ice

It’s widely agreed that snowmobiles are a modern invention that’s changed the way we relate to snowy conditions. Before they were around, it was a whole lot trickier to traverse through the snow and ice.

Unsurprisingly, it took a few decades to develop the perfect machine for swishing over ice with ease. Engineers battled long and hard to get the snowmobile to where it is today.

In 1959, J. Armand Bombardier, who had spent decades patenting and perfecting features, launched the first snowmobile. It was a lighter machine than previous models and was much easier to maneuver. As a result, it was a huge hit with the public.

Other companies quickly presented their versions and the sport of snowmobiling was born. So, how do these nifty little snow bikes work?

Snowmobiles have big, wide tracks with deeply rutted treads. What this means is that they get much more traction in snow than a normal motorcycle would.

They have a belt-drive and clutch system that transfers power. The power is taken from from the engine in the middle to the track at the back.


Snowmobiles Versus Motorcycles

To understand how a snowmobile is engineered and why it’s made this way, it’s helpful to compare it to a regular motorcycle. In an ordinary motorcycle, you have a heavy engine in the center with the rider balanced on top of it. And then you have two narrow wheels with rubber tires on either side.

Theoretically, you can ride a machine like this through the snow. Although the ice would have to be soft enough to compact as you go over it. The important thing to understand is that, in practice, motorcycling on ice and snow is extremely dangerous.

It’s best to avoid doing this, as the steering is tricky and there’s a high chance that your bike will slide around and may tip over completely. The main issue is that only a small part of a normal bike is touching the road or ground surface. It’s just two little parts of rubber under each tire, which isn’t enough to provide good drip and traction.

In contrast, a snowmobile has large front skis that are far apart from each other. This gives a snowmobile stability and a lower center of gravity, which helps prevent it from slipping and sliding.


Snowmobile Parts

Now we know a bit more about why snowmobiles are so effective in the snow, let’s take a look at some of the different key snowmobile parts and things that may need snowmobile repairs.


Snowmobile Engines

Let’s chat first about snowmobile engines. The engine is the heart of your machine, after all. So it’s very important to understand as much about its functioning as possible.

Snowmobile engines come in two styles: two-stroke and four-stroke. Regular maintenance and repair of snowmobile engines is critical and should be done by a qualified mechanic.



The handlebars are the rider’s main connection to the snowmobile. They provide stability and allow you to steer the vehicle.



The windshield is very important in snowmobiles. It protects the rider from oncoming debris, wind, snow, and ice. It also makes the front of the machine more aerodynamic.



Headlights are another critical element to ensure you’re visible to other snowmobilers around you. This is especially true since snowmobiling often occurs in remote areas with low light. You also need to illuminate the path ahead of you, even during the day when snow compromises your vision.



The throttle powers the driveshaft and then the rubber track. The rubber track is what ensures you’re swiftly moving forward through the ice or snow. The throttle feeds fuel to the engine when the driver squeezes the throttle lever on the handlebars.


Snowmobile Skis

The ski blades or skags guide the snowmobile along the snow, gliding on the surface and pivoting to steer the vehicle. They usually have stabilizers running along them to reduce slipping.



The suspension is important in cars and it’s just as important in snowmobiles.

The track of a snowmobile has to be suspended as it’s sent forward through the snow. This helps keep the track on the snow when it’s moving. Importantly, it also absorbs the shock of rocks and bumps on the ground.


Instrument Panel

The instrument panel works in the same way as the dashboard of a car. It gives the rider all relevant information, including warning lights and speed.


The Next Steps

After reading this article, you should feel readier than ever to pop on your snowmobile and have the ride of your life. You’ve made the right choice to do your homework before hopping on an incredible snow bike!

Now, nothing is stopping you from ruling the slopes with your very own snowmobile.

So, what are the next steps?

For more information about getting your own snowmobile, please contact us. We’ll tell you everything you need to know about a snowmobile ski wheel, driving techniques, and other detailed information about snowmobile parts.

Posted in Snowmobile, Winter